In an effort to provide a safe and legal source of medicine for its citizens, Rwanda has passed legislation to permit the use of Cannabis for medical purposes. The new law, which was passed in October 2015, allows citizens with a doctor’s prescription to cultivate up to six plants and possess up to 15kg (33lb) of the drug without penalty. The law will come into effect in April 2016.
Rwandan lawmakers on Tuesday approved a law giving the government the power to legalise the use of medical marijuana products in the East African country.
Rwanda is the largest economy in the Great Lakes Region and the sixth-largest in Sub-Saharan Africa. The country is situated in the south-central African Rift Valley, in the heart of the Great Rift Valley. Rwanda has a diverse landscape, including forests, mountains, lakes, and rivers, that has supported an elaborate system of local government. Agriculture is the backbone of the Rwandan economy, and it is a country rich in natural resources. The country’s population is growing, with a 2015 population estimate of 11,876,000, up from 8,727,000 in 2012.
Rwanda has passed a new ordinance legalizing the medicinal use of cannabis, also known as marijuana, as the country moves closer to mass production and export of the cash crop, which is worth billions of dollars.
The use of cannabis products for recreational purposes remains illegal in Rwanda. Penalties for the illegal production, distribution and consumption of cannabis are severe.
A new ministerial decree was issued on Monday that regulates the use of cannabis and cannabis products in Rwanda and provides guidelines for the cultivation, processing, export and medical use of marijuana.
The new law, signed by Health Minister Daniel Ngamije and Justice Minister Johnston Busingye, clarifies that recreational use of marijuana remains illegal and punishable by law.
The new ministerial decree no. 003/MoH/2021 of 25/06/2021 on cannabis and cannabis products provides that any investor or person who intends to engage in the cultivation, processing, import, export and use of cannabis and cannabis products for medical or research purposes may do so.
The law contains a list of eight available permits and the activities allowed under each permit, which will be valid for five years.
Article 18 of the Regulation reads: The competent authority shall suspend the licence if the licence holder fails to comply with the provisions of this Regulation and the provisions of the relevant laws or regulations.
Emerging investors need to offer their companies a high degree of security, such as. B. installing a double fence, patrolling between the two layers of fence, hiring a licensed private security company to monitor the facility 24/7, installing security lighting, CCTV cameras, surveillance towers, an intrusion detection system, a communication control room, conspicuous signage, etc.
Non-compliance with the guidelines is punishable by a fine of not less than 1 million rupees and not more than 50 million rupees. (approximately $1,015 to $50,787). In case of recidivism, the fine is doubled.
According to the Rwanda Development Board (RDB), the Rwandan government expects the sector to generate significant export earnings and employment in high value agriculture and agribusiness.
The regulation follows the adoption of the National Drug Pricing and Control Policy in October 2020. Rwanda has signed all the UN drug conventions.
Rwanda joins African countries like Lesotho, Morocco, Uganda and Zimbabwe that have legalized the medical use of marijuana.
Cannabis production in Rwanda will comply with the Law on Narcotic Drugs, Psychotropic Substances and Precursors. The law still classifies cannabis as an illegal drug.
The law, which regulates narcotics, psychotropic substances and precursors, provides for fines of 500,000 rupees ($507) to 5 million rupees ($5,078) and prison terms of three to five years for those convicted of illegal marijuana use.
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